The right-wing populists of the Fidesz Party won a two-thirds majority in the parliament, while the anti-Semitic Jobbik party captured Unknown vandals defiled the Holocaust Memorial with bloody pigs' feet. A new law granted the government direct or indirect control over about 80 percent of the media.
The resistible rise of Viktor Orbán – POLITICO
Civil servants can now be fired without cause. Krisztina Morvai , a member of the European Parliament for Jobbik, suggested that "liberal-Bolshevik Zionists" should start thinking about "where to flee and where to hide. Kertesz now lives in the German capital. It's very simple.
- La terre : Les Rougon-Macquart, 15 (Littérature) (French Edition).
- Seven Deadly Pleasures.
- La mort i la paraula (OSSA MENOR) (Catalan Edition).
- MONTAGS 781: NIK BÄRTSCH’S RONIN.
- Open Society v. Illiberal State: Europe, Hungary, and the ‘Lex CEU’ - Cultures of History Forum.
On 22nd January , MPs also passed a law bridling Prosecutors' powers, who may now only bring investigations against MPs with Parliament's approval, and limiting those of the National Agency for Integrity ANI , whose advice on any conflict of interests for ministers and MPs will no longer be an obstacle to their appointment. Corruption, in the same way as the lack of departmental competence and poor communication, is also one of the causes of the low absorption by Romania of structural funds, use of which is monitored closely by the OLAF European Anti-Fraud Office.
Thus, six years after joining the European Union, Romania is moving backwards in terms of the rule of law: although President Basescu sought to give Brussels guarantees of progress, by establishing democratic institutions whose functioning remained far from perfect, the new government would appear to have taken still more liberties with the Union's values. These warnings have been followed by very little action and the reform process, mainly of the judicial system "does not yet demonstrate a lasting, irreversible nature" according to the diplomatic wording of the Commission.
The Bulgarian people, just like the population in Romania, still give a lot of credit to Europe for efficiently combating the threats that weigh on democracy in their country. It is more difficult to use with regard to political practices. Moreover, the Bulgaria and Romania membership treaty just like those of the other countries that joined in , contains three provisions which enable the Union to compensate for any difficulties encountered during membership: a general economic safeguard clause, a specific internal market safeguard clause and a specific safeguard clause relating to justice and domestic affairs.
They can be applied on decision by the Commission, taken on its own initiative or at the request of a Member State if any serious failings or a serious risk of failing are observed in the transposal or implementation of European Union rules. In Romania was "almost subject" to implementation of the economic safeguard clause due to fraud in the use of structural funds, payment of which was suspended for several months. This suspension was pronounced again in August and October last year for four of the five funds allocated to Romania. But such sanctions affect the population, already hit by the economic effects of the unlawful practices of the national and local authorities, and bring about negative feelings towards Europe among the country's citizens.
Although this threat had a certain degree of effect prior to membership and during a short period afterwards, a feeling of impunity is beginning to grow: the risk of being pointed at or even "excluded" from the European Union no longer appears to worry the authorities in these countries. While the president of the European Parliament Martin Schulz informally asked heads of state and government to adopt sanctions against Hungary, going as far as the activation of article 7 of the Treaty, M.
Orban minimised at a press conference the accusations made against his reform of the Constitution, held to be anti-democratic by both the President of the European Commission and the German Bundestag.
Nevertheless, the European Parliament is going ahead with a planned analysis of the Hungarian situation on 17th April next, at the request o all the European political parties. For Romania and Bulgaria the CVM and the regular reports drawn up by the Commission within this framework are no longer an incitement to implement reforms.
Finally, the Council's refusal - the decision is taken unanimously - to allow Romania and Bulgaria to enter the Schengen area is one of the "sanctions" most keenly felt by these two countries, which see it as a humiliation. The report may point the finger yet again at Romania and Bulgaria. Could this umpteenth report make any difference to the situation? Is the EU's intervention too moderate? Neither the CVM reports, nor the risk of activation of article 7, or exclusion from the Schengen area - and still less the resolutions of the European Parliament or personal pressure by the European authorities - have prevented leaders of these countries from adopting provisions that are contrary to the democratic values and the rule of law, which form the basis of the European Union founding principles.
This is mainly due to an impression that the CVM reports are much too complacent with the country's leaders. But in the absence of such will, countries in transition must be able to continue to be accompanied for a long time yet, in order to avoid the establishment of regimes whose authoritarian drift constitutes a threat.
The divorce between the population and their leaders is clear, which does not bode well for any success that the latter could have in asking the population to make sacrifices in order to get out of the current crisis.
Particularly in a period of crisis, nationalistic talk, even in a Europhile country like Romania, is a classic weapon to calm the people's unrest. That is why political sanctions should be preferred over economic sanctions, which hit a population already in difficulty, at the risk of achieving the opposite result from the one sought.
In fact, in Hungary's case, the population is in agreement, in a quite considerable proportion, with the policy of their government, elected by a very big majority.
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In , a Cultural Forum dubbed the East-West summit was organized by the Hungarian communist leadership, to which politicians, writers and other notable people were invited. At the same time a "counter cultural forum" was planned with expected participation of "dissidents and opposition groups". In , a Hungarian pro-government newspaper accused Paul Lendvai of collaboration with the communist regime by having provided information about the counter-forum to the Hungarian authorities.
And we've got to stop digging up the past. On 19 March Lendvai presented the Hungarian translation of his latest book Mein verspieltes Land "My squandered country" in Budapest. Austrian president Heinz Fischer and former Czech foreign minister Karel Schwarzenberg held speeches at the 40th anniversary of the review on 8 November In the s Lendvai tried to obtain the secret service file on himself in a face-to-face meeting with Socialist Prime Minister Gyula Horn but wasn't successful at that time.
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While being honoured in the Hungarian Parliament Lendvai said "I'd rather get my files than the award". Lendvai presents his article on the topic with the subtitle "the story of an unsuccessful recruitment"  saying the Hungarian services wanted to enlist him as an agent but failed. While according to the file, Lendvai was never recruited as a spy, in a 24 July report, the archived documents refer to Lendvai as "one of the best contacts"   of the intelligence services at the time.
Lendvai in his article describes several aims he wanted to achieve by contacting the Hungarian authorities, the ability to travel to Hungary for reporting, travel visa for his mother, and revocation of his Hungarian citizenship enabling him to work in eastern bloc communist countries. He managed to obtain some of these goals he says by bringing Hungarian officials such as Gyula Ortutay to Austrian striptease shows.
According to Lendvai both times he brought Ortutay to such a show he would intervene on his behalf.
http://maisonducalvet.com/san-isidro-conocer-personas.php From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. K— file in the archives of the Hungarian secret services , Scanned document portion from the file "one of the best contacts" underlined in original form "
Related Mein verspieltes Land: Ungarn im Umbruch (German Edition)
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